(Stereos) means solid and (Ol) means derived from alcohol. Cholesterol is made up of alcohol and fat but animal cells make it themselves. Cholesterol is essential for the life of all animals. To help create and sustain it. In addition, it prevents the absorption of sodium and hydrogen ions into cells. Cholesterol is also important for nerve conduction. It is also used to make steroid hormones, bile salts, and vitamin D. Comes. A human male weighs 68 kg. His body normally makes about 1 gram (1,000 mg) of cholesterol daily and the body has about 35 grams of cholesterol which is mostly inside the cell membranes.
Cholesterol in the diet is mixed with other chemicals in the intestines, so a small amount of it is absorbed into the bloodstream. For these reasons, cholesterol in the diet has very little effect on the concentration of cholesterol in the blood. However, the amount of cholesterol in the blood is significantly increased during the first seven hours after eating a high cholesterol diet.
The liver collects cholesterol and releases it into the digestive system, of which 50% is reabsorbed from the small intestine and enters the bloodstream.
The human body needs cholesterol which helps in digestion of hormones, vitamin D and some substances. The human body makes its own cholesterol according to its needs but cholesterol is also found in our food.
Cholesterol moves in our blood in the form of small bundles. These bundles are called lipo proteins. These bundles are made up of fat on the inside and proteins on the outside. Protein and HDL, the two types of high-density lipoproteins, are essential for good health.
Both of these types of lipoproteins carry cholesterol circulating in the blood. HDL is called good cholesterol. It carries cholesterol from all parts of the body back to the liver and from the liver it is excreted in the body. This means that the higher the HDL level in the body, the lower the risk of heart disease.
LDL is called unhealthy, ie bad cholesterol. If the amount in the blood is too high, it starts clotting in the walls of the arteries, which means that too much of it causes heart disease.
Coronary arteries are the name of the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart and coronary arteries or coronary heart disease is the name of a disease in which cholesterol builds up in the walls of the coronary arteries and forms a clot called plaque.
This plate contains cholesterol, fat, calcium and other substances present in the blood. The process of accumulation of cholesterol in the walls of arteries is called atherosclerosis. It constricts the holes in the walls of the arteries. Over time, these plaques become harder and the holes become narrower, affecting the blood supply to the heart.
As a result, the heart also suffers from a lack of oxygen, which can lead to angina.
Angina is a feeling of chest pain, heaviness or squeezing that can be felt in the shoulder, arm, neck, jaw or back. Angina pain can also manifest as indigestion. Eventually these plaques rupture and blood begins to clot on their rough surface.
If a large amount of blood clots, it closes the artery, which stops the blood supply to the affected part of the heart. This condition can lead to a heart attack. If the blood supply is not restored soon. If possible, the affected part of the heart starts to die, this condition is called heart attack. If the large artery of blood closes during this process, then death of a person can be due to heart attack.
Therefore, keep in mind that the amount of cholesterol in the blood should not be too high. Animal fat is a complex mixture of triglycerides, which contains low amounts of both phospholipids and cholesterol molecules that make all animal (and human) cells. Because all animal cells make cholesterol, all animal-based foods contain different amounts of cholesterol.
Major sources of cholesterol include red meat, egg yolks and whole eggs, liver, kidney, goblets, fish oil and butter. Human breast milk also contains a lot of cholesterol.
Follow these steps to keep your blood cholesterol levels normal and prevent heart disease. Always eat a diet that is minimal, and include more vegetables, fruits and fiber in your diet. These foods help lower blood cholesterol levels.
In this regard, first of all grains and their products like wheat, barley, millet, maize etc. porridge and flour. Flour should always be used without sifting. This is especially important in reducing LDL. Helps that are harmful to health. In addition, apples, bananas, beans and pears are also helpful in lowering cholesterol. Today is the winter season. Fish should be used more in this season because Eating fish is very good for the heart. Omega 3 fatty acids found in fish not only lowers blood pressure but also stops blood clotting in the arteries.